J Dermatol Plast Surg | Volume 1, Issue 1 | Case Report | Open Access

Punctate Palmoplantar Keratodermas: Case Reports and A Review of the Literature and Terminology

Lieberman MR1, Kober M1, Lowenstein EJ1 * and Heilman E1

Department of Dermatology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, USA

*Correspondance to: Eve J Lowenstein 

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Keratodermas encompass a wide spectrum of disorders of keratinization that may be acquired or hereditary. We present two cases of focal acral hyperkeratosis (FAH), a subtype of punctate palmoplantar keratoderma. We review the literature and attempt to clarify the confusing classification of the heritable punctate palmoplantar keratodermas. Capsule Summary: 1. (First bullet) What is already known on this topic a. Punctate PPK is an esoteric topic within the field of dermatology that has been discussed both clinically and histologically. 2. (Second bullet) What this article adds to our knowledge a. Despite this, the nosography and classification of punctate PPKs have been confused in published literature. 3. (Third bullet) How this information impacts clinical practice and/or changes patient care a. This article hopes to clarify the terminology and classification of punctate PPKs, thereby increasing awareness of this disease, with the hope of advancing treatment options.


Punctate palmoplantar keratoderma; Palmoplantar keratoderma; Punctate keratoderma; Buschke-fischer-brauer syndrome; Acrokeratoelastoidosis; Focal acral hyperkeratosis


Lieberman MR, Kober M, Lowenstein EJ, Heilman E. Punctate Palmoplantar Keratodermas: Case Reports and A Review of the Literature and Terminology. J Dermatol Plast Surg. 2016; 1(1): 1003.

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