Surg Oncol Clin Pract J | Volume 2, Issue 2 | Research Article | Open Access

Demonstrative Study of Brain Anatomical Landmarks by Intraoperative Ultrasound Imaging

Wael AbdElrahman Ali Elmesallamy*

Department of Neurosurgery, Zagazig University, Egypt

*Correspondance to: Wael AbdElrahman Ali Elmesallamy 

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Objectives: Intraoperative use of ultrasound in brain surgery needs good understanding of the brain anatomy in ultrasound images. This study aims to compare between ultrasound imaging of brain anatomical landmarks during surgery, perioperative Computed Tomography (CT), and perioperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) as demonstration for encouraging usage as low cost, available and hazardless device.
Methods: In total; 350 patients were subjected to brain surgeries under ultrasound guidance using 2.5 to 8 Megahertz (MHZ) transducers, at neurosurgery department Zagazig University Hospital from January 2012 to January 2019. Brain anatomical landmarks were compared between ultrasound images, and perioperative images for safe, and confident surgeries.
Results: Various intracranial anatomical landmarks could be well-demonstrated by ultrasound through the open fontanel, or once the skull was opened, and during surgical work in real time fashion, facilitating surgical procedures, and avoiding complications.
Conclusion: Real-time ultrasound is of great help during brain surgeries in delineating brain anatomical landmarks as well as MRI, and CT brain. The growing learning standard of Intraoperative Ultrasound (IOUS) use makes brain surgery more simple with avoiding brain shift problems, radiation exposure, and high cost of other intraoperative modalities.


Intraoperative ultrasound; Brain landmarks; Safe surgery; Brain shif


AbdElrahman Ali Elmesallamy W. Demonstrative Study of Brain Anatomical Landmarks by Intraoperative Ultrasound Imaging. Surg Oncol Clin Pract J. 2019;2(2):1010.

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