J Dent Oral Biol | Volume 9, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders – To Be or Not to Be

Balamurugan L1, Jaganbabu2, Shivangi V3, Krishnamoorthy A4, Rajasekhar B5, Karthik S6* and Cynthia E7

1Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Best Dental Science College, Madurai, India
2Department of Dental Surgery, Govt Vellore Medical College, India
3RKDF Dental College, Bhopal, India
4Prosthodontics, Armed Forces Hospital - Southern Region (AFHSR), Saudi Arabia
5GSL Dental College & Hospital, India
6Department of Dentistry/Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, PSP Medical College Hospital and Research Institute,
7Department of Pathology, Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, India

*Correspondance to: Karthik Shunmugavelu 

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Temporomandibular joint is the articulation between the condyle of the mandible and squamous portion of the temporal bone. Temporomandibular joint develops between 8 to 14 weeks compared to 5 to 4 weeks for the synovial joints. Despite the considerable technical advances in this field over last decades, the reconstruction of the Temporomandibular joint is still controversial, and it continues to represent an important challenge to oral and maxillofacial surgery. Among the therapeutic proposal which have been put forward for tissue defects of anatomical structures of this joint, there is reconstructive abstinence, autogenous tissue reconstruction and joint prostheses. Reconstruction of temporomandibular joint proves to be challenging for the surgeon with limitations due to donor site morbidity, or reconstruction with the engineering design and materials of total joint replacement. TMJ reconstruction should be considered in management of the following conditions such as inflammatory arthritis involving TMJ not responsive to other modalities of treatment, recurrent fibrosis or bony ankylosis, failed tissue graft, failed alloplastic joint reconstruction, loss of vertical mandibular height or occlusal relationship because of bony resorption, trauma, developmental abnormalities or pathologic lesions. In this review article, reconstruction, rehabilitation and restoration of temporomandibular joint has been highlighted.


Joint; Dental; Oral; TMJ; Prosthesis; Pathology


Balamurugan L, Jaganbabu, Shivangi V, Krishnamoorthy A, Rajasekhar B, Karthik S, et al. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders – To Be or Not to Be. J Dent Oral Biol. 2024; 9(1): 1225. ISSN: 2475-5680.

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