Riya K, Siddhartha AV*, Girish S, Sameer Z, Apurva P and Vaishali M
Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University, IndiaFulltext PDF
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to Scaling and Root Planning (SRP) on salivary interleukin -1β levels in Generalized Stage II Grade B periodontitis patient. Methods: All 45 systemically healthy patients who were included in the study initially received SRP. The LLLT group (n=25) received diode laser therapy as an adjunct to SRP. A diode laser with a wavelength of 940nm was used for LLLT. Energy density of 12 J/cm2 was applied at the orifice of the gingival margin from distance of 1 cm using as a continuous wave with setting 1.5 W for period of 5s to 10s of exposure for anterior teeth and premolars and 20s of exposure for posterior teeth. Saliva samples were collected from all patients and clinical parameters were recorded on baseline and 21 days after treatment. Interleukin-1β levels in the collected saliva were measured. Results: The clinical variables like Plaque index, Gingival index, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss were reduced more in LLLT group than control group. IL-1β levels decreased significantly more in the LLLT group after 21 days. Conclusion: LLLT as an adjunctive therapy to SRP improves periodontal parameters.
Interleukin 1β; Low Level Laser Therapy; Periodontitis; Scaling and root planning
Riya K, Siddhartha AV, Girish S, Sameer Z, Apurva P, Vaishali M. Effect of Low-Level Laser Therapy as an Adjunct to Nonsurgical Periodontal Therapy on Salivary Interleukin -1 Beta Levels in Smokers with Periodontitis: A Case Control Study. J Dent Oral Biol. 2023; 8(2): 1213. ISSN: 2475-5680.