J Dent Oral Biol | Volume 8, Issue 2 | Review Article | Open Access

Pendulum Appliance and Its Modifications

Aggarwal I*, Akram W, Mittal S and Merry

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Bhojia Dental College and Hospital Baddi, India

*Correspondance to: Isha Aggarwal 

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Mesialization of posterior teeth (Molars) in the maxillary arch is corrected by distalization movement of the molars. In addition to previous distal movement techniques, such as extraoral force application and removable appliances, various intraoral devices have been suggested since 1980s. With the use of these intra-arch appliances the need for patient cooperation is eliminated. Pendulum and modified pendulum appliances are effective in molar distalization. Pendulum appliance with K-loop modification, implant supported pendulum appliance and Bone Anchorages Pendulum Appliance (BAPA) significantly reduced anchorage loss of the anterior teeth and distal tipping of the molar teeth.


Anchorage; Distalization; Pendulum Appliance


Aggarwal I, Akram W, Mittal S, Merry. Pendulum Appliance and Its Modifications. J Dent Oral Biol. 2023; 8(2): 1210. ISSN: 2475-5680.

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