Ann Womens Health | Volume 2, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access
National Cancer Registry Programme, National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), India
*Correspondance to: Ramnath TakiarFulltext PDF
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women in the world. After breast cancer, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer affecting women worldwide.
Objectives: The present paper explores the incidence rate, age specific rates, methods of diagnosis, types of treatment and time trend in Breast and Cervix cancers reported from selected cancer registries of India.
Materials and Methods: The breast and cervix incidence data collected by five urban Population Based Cancer Registries (Bangalore, Bhopal, Chennai, Delhi and Mumbai), working under the network of NCRP over the period of 2012-14 was considered for the study purposes.
Results: Breast cancer emerges as the leading site of cancer among women in India and constitutes about 30% of the total cases. Its AAR varied between 33.6 to 41.0. After breast, cervix cancer ranked second in all the five registries. The reported AAR of cervix varied between 9.0 to 15.9 in registries. The cervix cancer cases formed about 12% of the total cases. Breast and cervix cancer cases were found to be rising sharply with age. In case of breast cancer, all registries showed an increasing trend. In case of cervix, a decreasing trend was seen in 3 out of five registries. In case of breast cancer, most often, a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy was preferred (≥ 80%) Overall, the Radiotherapy was the most preferred (91%) type of treatment among the cervix cancer cases.
Conclusion: At present, breast cancer and cervix cancer is the leading site of cancers among women in India and can be claimed to posing an important public health problem now and need important inputs from various health and other agencies to tackle it.
Breast cancer; Cervix cancer; Trend; Treatment; Diagnosis
Takiar R. Status of Breast and Cervix Cancer in Selected Registries of India. Ann Womens Health. 2018; 2(1): 1012.