Ann Radiat Ther Oncol | Volume 4, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Dosimetric Comparison of 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3DCRT), Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) and Volumetric-Arc Radiotherapy (VMAT) in Cervical Cancer Treatment

Pritanjali S, Rajhans K and Amrita R*

Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India

*Correspondance to: Amrita Rakesh 

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Background: Cervical cancer being the fourth most frequently diagnosed cancer, concurrent chemoradiation forms the mainstay of the treatment from stage IB3 to IVA. As we witnessed advancement in radiotherapy technologies, attempts had been taken to reduce the dose to the OARs without compromising the tumor coverage. In this study we will compare the PTV coverage, conformity index and doses received by the OARs (urinary bladder, rectum, bowel bag, bilateral head of femur) by all the three techniques namely 3DCRT, IMRT and VMAT for carcinoma cervix patients undergoing concurrent Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) at our institution and further implement the results in our clinical practice. Material and Methods: Forty-five of biopsy-proven carcinoma cervix in stage IIA to IIIB were taken up for the study. Following imaging, contouring was carried out using the principal clinical findings and conventional RTOG recommendations. Dose prescription to the cervix was 50 Gy in 25 fraction and planned with all three modalities, 3DCRT, IMRT and VMAT. The patient was treated with the 3DCRT plan and the IMRT and VMAT plans were made for dosimetric purpose only. Results: Quantitative dose evaluation performed of three techniques V40, V45, V50, Dmean for Bladder and Rectum, Dmean and D100 for Femur, V30, V40, D195 CC, Dmean for Bowel. Results show that VMAT plan is preferable than IMRT for sparing Bladder and rectum. Conclusion: IMRT and VMAT both could be advocated for practice was tumor coverage was almost similar in both of them and decision could be made on patient specific logistics.


Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy; Cancer; Radiotherapy


Pritanjali S, Rajhans K, Amrita R. Dosimetric Comparison of 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3DCRT), Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) and Volumetric- Arc Radiotherapy (VMAT) in Cervical Cancer Treatment. Ann Radiat Ther Oncol. 2023; 4(1): 1022..

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