Ann Med Med Res | Volume 7, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors Among Women of Reproductive Age Attending ART in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Ahmed SM*

Menelik II Medical and Health Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

*Correspondance to: Sindew Mahmud Ahmed  

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Background: Anemia in women of reproductive age caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a double burden and has negative consequences on newborns. Anemia is a public health problem, and there is little insight into the factors associated with anemia among women of reproductive age who live with HIV in developing countries. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of anemia and associated factors among women of reproductive age Attending Assisted Therapy (ART) clinics in selected public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 7th, 2021, to August 23rd, 2021, in six public hospitals in Addis Ababa. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 239 study participants. The data were collected using a checklist and interview. The data were subsequently entered into the EPI-data manager database and exported to SPSS 20 for analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were also performed. The Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% CI was retrieved, and a p value <0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance. Results: The overall incidence of anemia was 23% [95% CI (18.5-28.4)], which was significantly associated with a current CD4 count <500 cells/mm3 (AOR=1.5, 95% CI=0.05, 0.44); middle age (AOR=6.73, 95% CI=1.86-24.44); duration of ART <5 years (AOR=0.05, 95% CI=0.0-0.38); opportunistic infection (AOR=0.11, 95% CI=0.02-052); marital status (AOR=0.007, 95% CI=0.001- 0.06); and occupation (no job) status (AOR=10.85, 95% CI=2.74-42.9). Conclusion: The overall incidence of anemia in the study area was moderate. Age, marital status, occupation, current CD4 count, opportunistic infection status, and duration of ART were factors significantly associated with anemia. Thus, early diagnosis and treatment of anemia and coinfections are essential.


Anemia; Women; ART; Ethiopia


Ahmed SM. Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors Among Women of Reproductive Age Attending ART in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ann Med Medical Res. 2024; 7: 1073.

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