Ann Clin Toxicol | Volume 3, Issue 2 | Research Article | Open Access

Phyto-Nutritional Profiles of Broom Weed (Sida acuta) Leaf Extract

Shittu1 and Alagbe JO2*

1Department of Animal Production and Health, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Ogbomoso,
2Department of Animal Nutrition and Biochemistry, Sumitra Research Institute, India

*Correspondance to: Alagbe JO 

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Medicinal plants are abundant in phytochemicals that has significant therapeutic effects. They are relatively cheap, effective and safe in prolong use. This experiment was carried out to investigate the phyto-nutritional profile of broom weed (Sida acuta) leaf extract. Proximate analysis Sida acuta leaf indicated the presence of dry matter (91.88%), crude protein (18.01%), ash (9.73%), crude fiber (6.24%), ether extract (1.77%) and energy (2760 Kcal/kg). Phytochemical screening of the extract revealed the presence of condensed tannins, hydrolysable tannins, flavonoids, saponins, phenols, oxalate, phytate, alkaloids, terpenoids and glycosides at 0.82%, 2.02%, 4.25%, 0.20%, 0.17%, 0.05%, 0.23%, 0.22%, 0.95% and 0.02% respectively and the vitamin constituents are thiamine (0.33 mg/100 g), ascorbic acid (30.17 mg/100 g), riboflavin (0.05 mg/100 g), β-carotene (0.79 mg/100 g) and niacin (0.41 mg/100 g). Mineral analysis showed that it contained calcium (127.6 mg/100 g), phosphorus (78.6 mg/100 g), potassium (31.6 mg/100 g), magnesium (102.1 mg/100 g), iron (2.14 mg/100 g), manganese (0.60 mg/100 g), copper (0.04 mg/100 g) and zinc (1.75 mg/100 g). Result on amino acid composition showed that they contained lysine (2.11 mg/100 g), arginine (1.77 mg/100 g), aspartic acid (2.13 mg/100 g), threonine (1.85 mg/100 g), histidine (4.71 mg/100 g), serine (2.03 mg/100 g), glycine (1.05 mg/100 g), alanine (3.31 mg/100 g), cystine (5.06 mg/100 g), valine (0.88 mg/100 g), leucine (2.04 mg/100 g), phenyalanine (4.72 mg/100 g), tyrosine (3.51 mg/100 g), isoleucine (2.84 mg/100 g), methionine (0.85 mg/100 g) and proline (1.05 mg/100 g). It was concluded that Sida acuta leaf extract is rich in various nutrients and phytochemicals conferring it the ability to perform multiple biological activities and as a natural alternative to antibiotics.


Medicinal plants; Nutrients; Sida acuta; phytochemicals


Shittu, Alagbe JO. Phyto-Nutritional Profiles of Broom Weed (Sida acuta) Leaf Extract. Ann Clin Toxicol. 2020; 3(2): 1032.

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