Onotai LO1, Osuji AE1*, Mbalaso OC1 and Nwankwo BE2
1Department of ENT Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
2Department of ENT, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
Introduction: Otorhinolaryngological diseases are varied in nature. They can be congenital or acquired, infective, inflammatory or allergic, benign or malignant. This study evaluates the common otorhinolaryngological diseases as seen in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, from January 2012, to December 2016. Materials and Methods: Medical records of patients seen in the ENT clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital over a 5 year period (January 2012 to December 2016) were retrieved and reviewed for relevant data including age, sex, diagnosis and patient category (new or old patient). Results: A total of 21,979 clinic visits were recorded over the study period and 4936 (22.5%) of these were new patients with a slight male preponderance. Patients’ age ranged from 1week to 89 years with children (0 to 17 years) making up 39.6%, while adults (18 years to 89 years) made up 60.4% of all new patients seen. Ear diseases were the commonest found in this study (32.5%), followed by throat diseases (31.6%), nasal diseases (28.2%), and head and neck tumors (7.7%). The commonest ENT diseases found in the pediatric age group were obstructive adenoid and tonsils in (23.1%), rhinitis (18.4%) and chronic suppurative otitis media (15.9%) while the commonest ENT diseases found in the adult population were rhinosinusitis (21.9%), hearing loss (19.9%) and pharyngitis (18.3%). Conclusion: This study found ear diseases to be the most prevalent in our ENT clinic. Obstructive adenoid and tonsils was found to be the commonest ENT disorder among the pediatric age group while rhinosinusitis was found to be the commonest disorder in the adult population.
Onotai LO, Osuji AE, Mbalaso OC, Nwankwo BE. Evaluation of Common Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases in Rivers State, Nigeria. Ann Clin Otolaryngol. 2020; 5(1):1043..