Cláudia Aparecida da Silva1, Nathália Martins de Moraes1, Gislaine Faustino Pereira de Souza1, Fernando Inocêncio de Brito2, Maurício Eduardo Antônio Jr2, Alinson Eduardo Cipriano2, Nilo Sérgio Vieira Costa#3, Tiago Marques de Rezende#2, Autran José da Silva Jr#2 and Lilian Cristiane Gomes#*1
1Department of Nursing, University Center of the Guaxupé Educational Foundation (UNIFEG), Guaxupé, Minas Gerais, Brazil
2Department of Physical Education, UNIFEG, Guaxupé, Minas Gerais, Brazil
3Department of Primary Health Care, Guaxupé City Hall, Guaxupé, Minas Gerais, Brazil
#Member of the Study Group on Obesity, Diabetes and Hypertension (GEODIH).
Background: Drug treatment of diabetes mellitus is complex and, therefore, the evaluation of adherence behavior is fundamental to plan and/or evaluate educational actions for these patients. This study aimed to evaluate adherence to the prescribed drug treatment (insulin and/or oral antidiabetic drugs) of 11 adults with diabetes mellitus, who participated in an educational program about the disease. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study, with quantitative approach. Adherence to drug treatment was obtained through the “Measurement of Adherence to Drug Treatment in Diabetes Mellitus” scale. Results: There was a higher frequency of females, in the sixth decade of life, with low educational level, average diagnosis time less than 10 years, most of them using oral antidiabetic drugs, and without previous participation in disease orientation groups. In the analysis of adherence to oral anti diabetic drugs, a mean score of 5.5 (standard deviation - SD=0.6) was obtained, and for insulin therapy, the average was 5.4 (SD=0.1), indicating a high adherence to the prescribed drug treatment. Conclusion: The sample studied had a socio demographic and clinical profile similar to that of other Brazilian population samples that have the disease. Adherence to drug treatment was high for both therapeutic modalities, suggesting that the participation of the study group in the proposed educational program was beneficial to maintain satisfactory adherence. However, adherence behaviors are not stable, which suggests the need for greater investments in this theme, through regular reinforcements during the development of educational programs for people with diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes Mellitus; Treatment adherence; Health education; Antidiabetic Drugs
Silva CA, Moraes NM, Souza GFP, Brito FI, Antonio Jr ME, Cipriano AE, et al. Adherence to Drug Treatment of People with Diabetes Mellitus. Ann Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020; 3(1): 1013.